General Boundary Survey
A general boundary survey is defining the boundaries of a property formally. The process focuses on marking the corners of a piece of land. Generally, people will commission a boundary survey before dividing, buying, improving, or constructing on land. Once the process is complete, the surveyor will design a drawing. In the drawing, the land survey can include lot dimensions, improvements done on the land, and fences to help people know where your land is.
A cadastral survey is a property boundary survey conducted for legal reasons to define land ownership usage and boundaries accurately. This process re-counts to the delineation of land boundaries and land ownership laws. It entails deducing and giving advisories on boundary marks, on the land ownership status and restrictions, interests and rights of a property. Cadastral surveys are conducted to subdivide land into small parcels for ownership under the title. It seeks to re-establish boundaries of formerly surveyed land to define physical ownership.
Engineering Surveying is a term that seeks to define the duties of surveyors on civil engineering activities. Surveying engineers play an essential role in the development of societies. Their primary purpose is to identify the location of human-made and natural landmarks on the surface of the earth and record them for future planning. They also set and reset boundaries within a country and globally.
Topographic Survey entails gathering data in regards to the elevation of points on parcels of land and presents the data as delineation lines on a plot. Its role is to collect survey data about the human-made and natural features of property and its elevations. Topographic maps play a role in showing elevation and grading features for engineers, architects, and contractors.
Land conveyancing is the process of transferring land ownership interest from one party to another. It refers to the documented record, such as a lease or deed that transfers legal title of land from a seller to a buyer. This is a written agreement between a buyer and a seller. It describes the agreed-upon buying price and date of transfer, and also the obligations and responsibilities of two parties. In most case, the process is supervised by a legal representative known as a conveyancer.
Physical planning is a set of activities that aims to improve the physical, social, and economic welfare of a location and its populace. It comprises the organization of land uses to allow dwellers to enjoy the highest attainable level of efficiency in the utilization of resources, aesthetic quality, and functionality of places.
GIS and Remote Sensing
GIS is a computer-based platform for analyzing and mapping different events on earth. The technology incorporates common database operations like query and statistical analysis with maps. The tool manages location-based data and offers equipment for display and analysis of different statistics. These statistics include types of vegetation, economic development opportunities, and populace characteristics.
Remote sensing is the science and art of creating earth measurements using detectors on satellites and airplanes. The detectors collect information in the form of pictures and offer specialized abilities for manipulation, evaluation, and visualization of those photos. The images are incorporated within a GIS.
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
This is a critical evaluation of the impacts of various projects on the environment. The EIA recognizes positive and negative effects of development activities or projects and how they affect people, their assets, and the environment. It also identifies the actions to lessen the adverse effects, while capitalizing on the positive ones.
What are Prefeasibility and Feasibility Studies?
Prefeasibility is the preliminary stage analysis of a given project. They are performed by professionals and are meant to offer company investors the basic data they need to approve a project or pick the best investment idea. The study gives an overview of the project’s capital requirements, logistics, challenges, and other data important to the decision making procedure.
A feasibility study is an extensive report on many of the similar topics as a pre-feasibility study. They are more accurate and need more resources to be performed.